199-204

Notations 199 to 204 of 200+
Our little universe is still expanding.
199 200 201 <-Steps->
202 203 204
4.331×1016.s.* 8.663×1016.s.* 1.732×1017.s.* T(seconds) 3.4654×1017.s.* Age of the Universe
1.298×1024.km 2.597×1024.km 5.194×1024.km L(meters) 1.038×1025.km 2.077×1025.km 4.155×1025.km
1.748×1049kg 3.497×1049kg 6.995×1050kg M(kilograms) 1.399×1050kg 2.798×1050kg 5.596×1050kg
1.506×1042C 3.013×1042C 6.027×1042C C(Coulombs) 1.205×1043C 2.411×1043C 4.822×10431C
1.77×1031 K 3.542×1031 K 7.084×1031 K T(Kelvin) 1.416×1030 K PLANCK TEMPERATURE
2.008×1059 4.017×1059 8.034×1059 B2Vertices 1.606×1060 3.213×1060 6.427×1060
3.319×10181 2.655×10182 2.124×10183 ScalingV 1.699×10184 1.087×10185 8.702×10185
1 Notation 199: 43,318,236,018,400,000 seconds (2.7 billion years)
2 Notation 200: 86,636,472,036,800,000 seconds (5.4 billion years)
3 Notation 201: 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds (10.8 billions years)
4 Notation 202: 346,545,888,147,200,000 seconds (21.6 billion years)Discussion: The Fullness of Time. The first billion years of the universe becomes two billion years within the next notation, four at the next, and eight at the next. If time is imputed to be discrete and quantized, the aggregate of all notations must be added to determine the actual first eon. There are 31,556,926,000,000,000 seconds in an EON. That would seem to be between notations 198 and 199. But, if time is discrete, it would be the sum of every prior notation so it would come within the notations 197 to 198.

That same logic would apply to the Age of the Universe in seconds. Notation 201 is 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds or 10.8 billion years. The sum total of all notations from the Planck Time to the 201 notation is one Planck Time unit less than 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds. We should round up! So, the universe today is within the earliest part of notation 201 using 13.8± billion years for the Age of the Universe.

Discussion: How many seconds old is the universe? Somewhere around 435.48 quintillion seconds. Each day adds another 86,400 seconds. Each year adds approximately 31.55 million seconds.

Basic math: There are 31.5 quintillion seconds in a billion years multiplied by 13.8 gives us our 435.48 quintillion years.

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

193-198

Notations 193 to 198 of 200+
The billion year container is between notation 199 and 200.
193 194 195 <-Steps->
196 197 198
338,423,718,896,000.s 676,847,437,792,000.s 1,353,694,875,580,000.s T(seconds) 2,707,389,751,160,000.s 5,414,779,502,320,000.s 10,829,559,004,600,000.s
2.029×1023.km 4.058×1023.km 8.116×1023.km L(meters) 1.623×1024.km 3.246×1022.km 6.492×1023.km
2.732×1049kg 5.464×1049kg 1.092×1050kg M(kilograms) 2.185×1050kg 4.371×1050kg 8.743×1050kg
2.354×1040C 4.709×1040C 9.418×1040C C(Coulombs) 1.883×1041C 3.767×1041C 7.534×1041C
2.767×1029 K 5.534×1029 K 1.106×1030 K T(Kelvin) 2.213×1030 K 4.427×1030 K 8.885×1030 K
3.138×1057 6.277×1057 1.255×1058 B2Vertices 2.5108×1058 5.021×1058 1.004×1059
1.266×10176 1.013×10177 8.104×10177 ScalingV 6.483×10178 5.188×10179 4.149×10180
Discussion: The Fullness of Time: On the approach to the first billion years of the universe, it is within these six notations that the universe as we experience it begins. There are 31,556,926,000,000,000 seconds in an eon that is a billion years, between notations 199 and 200.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

187-192

Notations 187 to 192 of 200+
toward 1,000,000 Years (Notations 188 and 189) and next will come an Eon (one billion years).
187 188 189 <-Steps->
190 191 192
10,575,741,215,500.s 21,151,482,431,000.s 42,302,964,862,000.s T(seconds) 84,605,929,724,000.s 169,211,859,448,000.s 338,423,718,896,000.s
3.170×1021.km 6.340×1021.km 1.268×1022.km L(meters) 2.536×1022.km 5.072×1022.km 1.014×1023.km
4.269×1047kg 8.538×1047kg 1.707×1048kg M(kilograms) 3.415×1048kg 6.831×1048kg 1.366×1049kg
3.679×1038C 7.358×1038C 1.471×1039C C(Coulombs) 2.943×1039C 5.886×1039C 1.177×1040C
4.323×1027 K 8.647×1027 K 1.729×1028 K T(Kelvin) 3.459×1028 K 6.918×1028 K 1.383×1029 K
4.9039×1055 9.8074×1055 1.9615×1056 B2Vertices 3.923×1056 7.846×1056 1.569×1057
4.8306×10170 3.864×10171 3.091×10172 ScalingV 2.473×10173 1.978×10174 1.582×10175
Discussion: The First Million Years: There are 31,556,952 seconds in a year, 31,556,952,000 seconds in a millennium and 31,556,926,000,000 seconds in a million years (Notations 188-189).

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

181-186

Notations 181 to 186 of 200+
Expanding toward 1,000,000 Years, then an Eon (one billion years).
181 182 183 <-Steps->
184 185 186
165,245,956,493.s 330,491,912,986.s 660,983,825,972.s T(seconds) 1,321,967,651,940.s 2,643,935,303,880.s 5,287,870,607,760.s
4.953×1019.km 9.907×1019.km 1.98×1020.km L(meters) 3.96×1020.km 7.925×1020.km 1.585×1021.km
6.67×1045kg 1.334×1046kg 2.668×1046kg M(kilograms) 5.336×1046kg 1.067×1047kg 2.134×1047kg
5.748×1036C 1.149×1037C 2.299×1037C C(Coulombs) 4.598×1037C 9.197×1037C 1.839×1038C
6.755×1025 K 1.351×1026 K 2.702×1026 K T(Kelvin) 5.404×1026 K 1.080×1027 K 2.161×1027 K
7.6624×1053 1.5324×1054 3.0649×1054 B2Vertices 6.1299×1054 1.2259×1055 2.4519×1055
1.842×10164 1.4742×10165 1.1793×10166 ScalingV 9.4349×10166 7.547×10167 6.0383×10168
Discussion: The First Million Years: There are 31,556,952 seconds in a year, 31,556,952,000 seconds in a millennium and 31,556,926,000,000 seconds in a million years (Notations 187-188).

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

163-168

Notations 163 to 168 of 200+
163 164 165 <-Steps->
166 167 168
630,363.29.s 1,260,726.59.s 2,521,453.19.s T(seconds) 5,042,906.38.s 10,085,812.77.s 20,171,625.54.s
1.88966306×1014.km 3.779×1014.km 7.558×1014.km L(meters) 1.511×1015.km 3.023×1015.km 6.046×1015.km
2.544×1040kg 5.089×1040kg 1.0179×1041kg M(kilograms) 2.035×1041kg 4.071×1041kg 8.143×1042kg
2.192×1031C 4.385×1031C 8.771×1031C C(Coulombs) 1.754×1032C 3.508×1032C 7.017×1032C
2.5772×1020 K 5.1544×1020 K 1.030×1021 K T(Kelvin) 2.061×1021 K 4.123×1021 K 8.247×1021 K
2.923×1048 5.846×1048 1.169×1049 B2Vertices 2.338×1049 4.6768×1049 9.353×1049
1.598×10147 1.278×10148 1.022×10149 ScalingV 8.1834×10150 2.497×10151 6.5467×10152
Discussion: The First Month: Use 30.436875 days per month based on a year of 365.2425 days divided by 12 months; Given there are 86,400 seconds per day, there are 2,629,746 seconds per month. It is within the notation 165. Multiplied by 299,792,458 m/s equals a length of 777,062,051,136,000 meters or 777,062,051,136 km, a little larger than the 165th notation.

There are 31,556,952,000 seconds to a millennium which is found between notations 177 and 178.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

157-162

Notations 157 to 162 of 200+
THE FIRST DAY (and the infrastructure for every subsequent day)
157 158 159 <-Steps->
160 161 162
9849.426.s 19,698.853.s 39,397.706.s T(seconds) 78,795.4122.s 157,590.82.s 315,181.649.s
2,952,598,585.km 5,905,197,170.km 11,810,394,341+.km L(meters) 23,620,788,682+.km 47,241,577,365+.km 94,483,154,731.km
3.9762×1038kg 7.9524×1038kg 1.5904×1039kg M(kilograms) 3.1809×1039kg 6.3619×1039kg 1.2723×1040kg
3.4264×1029C 6.8529×1029C 1.3705×1030C C(Coulombs) 2.741×1030C 5.482×1030C 1.096×1031C
4.026×1018 K 8.053×1018 K 1.610×1019 K T(Kelvin) 3.221×1019 K 6.443×1019 K 1.288×1018 K
4.567×1046 9.134×1046 1.826×1047 B2Vertices 3.653×1047 7.307×1047 1.461×1048
6.097×10141 4.877×10142 3.902×10143 ScalingV 3.1217×10144 2.497×10145 1.997×10146
Discussion: The First Day concludes at 86400 seconds. The universe appears to be approaching the size of our Solar System. At notation 160, it is 23,620,788,682 kilometers or 1,467,727,765 miles. If measured in astronomical units (AU), the Solar System is estimated to be the distance of 122 AU which is 122 times 93 million miles or 11.346 trillion miles.

The orbiting Kuiper Belt (which contains Pluto) is 7.5 billion kilometers (30- 50 AU). So, within the first day, the universe has grown substantially larger than the Kuiper Belt.

Also, note that one day is 86,400 seconds. Multiplied by the speed of light, 299,792.458 km, equals a length of 25,902,068,371.2 km.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

151-156

Notations 151 to 156 of 200+
How does this first hour of creation compare with the Big Bang?
151 152 153 <-Steps->
154 155 156
153.8972.seconds 307.794.s 615.589.s T(seconds) 1231.178.s 2462.3566.s 4924.713.s
46,134,352.896+.km 92,268,705.792+.km 184,537,411.584.km L(meters) 369,074,823.168.km 738,149,646.336.168.km 1.4762×1012.km
6.21283×1036kg 1.2425×1037kg 2.4851×1037kg M(kilograms) 4.9702×1037kg 9.9405×1037kg 1.9881×1038kg
5.3538×1027C 1.0707×1028C 2.1415×1028C C(Coulombs) 4.2831×1028C 8.5662×1028C 1.7132×1029C
6.292×1016 K 1.258×1017 K 2.5168×1017 K T(Kelvin) 5.0336×1017 K 1.0067×1018 K 2.013×1018 K
7.136×1044 1.427×1045 2.8544×1045 B2Vertices 5.708×1045 1.141×1046 2.283×1046
2.325×10136 1.860×10137 1.4885×10138 ScalingV 1.1908×10139 9.5268×10139 7.6214×10140
Discussion: 3600 seconds, between notations 155 and 156, account for the first hour of creation. In this model it appears that the infrastructure to create the universe to this point is the same infrastructure that sustains the universe. It appears that in this model “the first hour container” which is notation 155, is still working today.

Note that 3600 seconds equals an hour, multiplied by the speed of light is 1,079,252,848.800 kilometers. See notation 156.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

145-150

Notations 145 to 150 of 200+
The first minute, just 60 seconds, and look how far the universe has come!
145 146 147 <-Steps->
148 149 150
2.4046.seconds 4.8092.s 9.6185.s T(seconds) 19.237.s 38.47432.s 76.9486.s
720,849.264.km 1,441,698.528.km 2,883,397.056.km L(meters) 5,766,794.112.km 11,533,588.224.km 23,067,176.488.km
9.7075×1034kg 1.9415×1035kg 3.883×1035kg M(kilograms) 7.7660×1035kg 1.5532×1036kg 3.1064×1036kg
8.3654×1025C 1.673×1026C 3.3461×1026C C(Coulombs) 6.6923×1026C 1.3384×1027C 2.6769×1027C
9.831×1014 K 1.966×1015 K 3.932×1015 K T(Kelvin) 7.865×1015 K 1.573×1016 K 3.146×1016 K
1.1150×1043 2.2300×1043 4.4601×1043 B2Vertices 8.9202×1043 1.7840×1044 3.568×1044
8.8725×10130 7.0980×10131 5.6784×10132 ScalingV 4.5427×10133 3.6341×10134 2.9073×10135
Discussion: 5631.6349.km was deleted from notation 139. As of 22 April 2016, all the notations for length will be backed down one notation. We will force the speed of light to coordinate with the length it covers in one second. All these notations will also be double checked and cross referenced to the other three key charts. We will correct simple math errors as quickly as possible.
Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: These notations can be looked at from several perspectives. You may find a duplicate page of these numbers where the word, Steps” has been changed to reflect that view of the data. Each step could be a cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step.
Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

133-138

Notations 133 to 138 of 200+
Transitions between the Human Scale Universe and Large Scale Universe
133 134 135 <-Steps->
136 137 138
5.8707×10-4.s 1.1741×10-3.s 2.348×10-3.s T(seconds) 4.6965×10-3.s 9.3931×10-3.s 1.8786×10-2.s
87.9942.km 175.9885.km 351.977.km L(meters) 703.9543.km 1407.9087.km 2815.8174.km
2.3700×1031kg 4.7400×1031kg 9.4800×1031kg M(kilograms) 1.8960×1032kg 3.7920×1032kg 7.5840×1032kg
2.0423×1022C 4.0846×1022C 8.1693×1022C C(Coulombs) 1.6338×1023C 3.2677×1023C 6.5354×1023C
2.4002×1011 K 4.8004×1011 K 9.6008×1011 K T(Kelvin) 1.9201×1012 K 3.8403×1012 K 7.6806×1011 K
2.7222×1039 5.4445×1039 1.088×1040 B2Vertices 2.1778×1040 4.3556×1040 8.7112×1040
1.29112×10120 1.0328×10121 8.2631×10121 ScalingV 6.6105×10122 5.2884×10123 4.2307×10124
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notes and references: Temporary records
Exact Base-2 vertices – ( 1361129467683753853853498429727072845824), 2722258935367507707706996859454145691648, 5444517870735015415413993718908291383296, 10889035741470030830827987437816582766592, 21778071482940061661655974875633165533184, 43556142965880123323311949751266331066368, 87112285931760246646623899502532662132736
Base-8 vertices: These numbers are so large, the record of each six for each page of notations will be linked from here.
( 161390617380431786853494948250188242145606612051826469551916209783790476376052574664352834580008614464743948248296718336 ) 1291124939043454294827959586001505937164852896414611756415329678270323811008420597314822676640068915717951585986373746688 10328999512347634358623676688012047497318823171316894051322637426162590488067364778518581413120551325743612687890989973504 82631996098781074868989413504096379978550585370535152410581099409300723904538918228148651304964410605948901503127919788032 661055968790248598951915308032771039828404682964281219284648795274405791236311345825189210439715284847591212025023358304256 5288447750321988791615322464262168318627237463714249754277190362195246329890490766601513683517722278780729696200186866434048 42307582002575910332922579714097346549017899709713998034217522897561970639123926132812109468141778230245837569601494931472384

Testing Area for Quiet Expansion of the Universe –

Contact Us. Add your energy: (1) To like it; see below (or click here). (2) Be part of it, tweet it; click here. Ethics Values Project’s Homepage

Notations 1 to 6 of 204
Small-scale Universe 1-67
Right ArrowOf the 200+ base-2 notations from the Planck base units to this day, 67± notations are within the small scale. The background story.
Singularity=0 Base Units 1 2 3 4 5 6
Planck.Time 5.391×10-44 (s) 1.078×10−43 (s) 2.156×10−43 (s) 4.312×10−43 (s) 8.625×10−43 (s) 1.725×10−42 (s) 3.450×10−42 (s)
Planck.Length 1.6161×10-35.(m) 3.2323×10-35.(m) 6.4647×10-35.(m) 1.2929×10-34.(m) 2.5859×10-34.(m) 5.1718×10-34.(m) 1.0343×10-33m
Planck.Mass 2.1765×10-8.(kg) 4.3530×10-8.(kg) 8.7060×10-8.(kg) 1.7412×10-7 (kg) 3.4824×10-7.(kg) 6.9648×10-7.(kg) 1.3929×10-6.(kg)
Planck.Charge 1.8755×10-18 (C) 3.7511×10-18 (C) 7.5023×10-18 (C) 1.5004×10-17 (C) 3.0009×10-17.(C) 6.0019×10-17.(C) 1.2003×10-16.(C)
Planck.Temp 1.4168×1032 (K) 4.4084×10-27 (K) 8.816×10-27 (K) 1.763×10-26 (K) 1.763×10-26 (K) 3.526×10-26 (K) 7.053×10-26 (K)
Base-2 Vertices (×2) 1 1 2 4 8 16
Scaling Vertices (×8) 1 8 64 512 4096 32768
Speed of light (m/sec) 299,791,692.172 299,792,155.9 299,790,300.98 299,792,613.83 299,792,613.837 299,792,613.83
Discussion: Our first horizontal scrolling of the Big Board – little universe Project, here we continue the process of encapsulating everything, everywhere in the universe, throughout all time. Though this chart suggests that space-time-mass-energy-temperature are necessarily and inextricably related, the challenge of this model is to demonstrate how this is so. Our work is quite at odds with the big bang theory (bbt), yet we believe every formula and relation defined throughout the bbt history can also be found within our emerging model and view of the universe. To broaden its perspective, we will also attempt to examine as many transitions as possible between the finite-infinite, especially the role of pi, projective geometries, bifurcation theory, the dimensionless constants, and number theory.

Key concept: Planck Temperature has been moved to the top of the chart. One of the working assumptions of the project is that everything starts most simply and complexity comes later, and that space-and-time are finite and derivative. Of course, this logic will be further discussed.

Key questions: What mathematics are at work? The simple answer is, “All mathematics are at work here. No formula is exempt. And, eventually every formula will be in some way tied back to this model.” Notwithstanding, here is our first, introductory post about numbers.

Speed of Light: A simple calculation is to divide the Planck Length by Planck Time. Using just the units displayed above, the result is 299,777,406.78 m/sec. Using 3.23239/1.078212 the result is 2.99791692172 or 299,791,692.172 m/sec. These simple results, first posted on May 3, 2016, will be tweaked. Of course, the result of experimental measurement is 299,792,458 meters/second in a vacuum. Within notation 3, it is 1.29295 divided by 4.312848 which equals 299,790,300.98. There is much more to come!

Key words, primary concepts, and links to references for these ten notations:
1. Geometries: Projective, Euclidean, differential (Riemannian, Lie groups, etc), discrete and combinatorial, algebraic and transformational…
2. The Pre-Measureable Structure of Matter: Might we conclude that this Small-Scale Universe is the structure that holds things together? Is it a re-definition of the ether? Is it MIT Frank Wilczek’s grid?
3. Renormalization(Scale Invariance https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scale_invariance), Universality, isotropy, homogeneity: Is it possible that everything-everywhere in the universe shares the first 67 notations, and uniquely evolves with the characteristics from the 67th to 134th notations, and begins to manifest in each of the large-scale notations, unfolding uniquely in the 201st as “the given within the current moment”?

Finite-Infinite: Studied throughout the history of humanity, this model provides a basis for a thorough reexamination of the concepts, mathematics and principles that operate between the two. Already there are several posts that open these reflections: (1) What is finite? And, what is truly infinite? and (2) Finite-Infinite reflections.

Process: Examples of Horizontal Scrolling Horizontal Scrolling Example #1, #2, #3 and #4 (pop up windows).

Design thoughts:
1. The areas above and below the numbers and discussions could also be used for graphics that are related to these notations. Perhaps a color background could reflect its temperature in its part of the universe.
2. Perhaps the area above the “Big Board-little universe” title (underlined) can be used for related graphics and color.
3. This “one page” board ideally would be a wiki page where schools and universities and the public could collaborate, update and add data.
4. Base-2 notation from the five Planck Base Units to their maximums is still early-stage work. We’ll be adding dimensionless constants. Could this table be a spreadsheet? April 27, 2016: More updating to come.

Help wanted: For every notation, we would like to have an expert and a team. Within this group of notations, we especially seek help from people who can help us re-enact Max Planck’s thinking and the veracity of each formulation of the Planck base units.

Can you help us?

RightarrowSmallGreen7 to 12
Notice the Scaling Vertices are already over 8 Million at the 12th notation
7 8 9 <-Doublings->
10 11 12
6.900556×10-42s 1.380111×10-41s 2.760222×10-41s T(s) 5.52044×10-41s 1.10408×10-40s 2.20817×10-40s
2.06873×10-33m 4.13747×10-33m 8.274943×10-33m L(m) 1.654988×10-32m 3.309977×10-32m 6.619955×10-32m
2.78593×10 -6kg 5.57186×10-6kg 1.11437×10 -5kg M(kg) 2.22874×10 -5kg 4.45749×10-5kg 8.91498×10-5kg
2.400762×10-16C 4.801525×10-16C 9.603051×10-16C C(Coulombs) 1.920610×10-15C 3.841220×10-15C 7.682441×10-15C
2.821431×10-25K 5.642862×10-25K 1.128572×10-24K T(Kelvin) 2.257145×10-24K 4.514290×10-24K 9.028580×10-24K
32 64 128 B2 Vertices 256 512 1024
262,144 2,097,152 16,777,216 ScalingV 134,217,728 1,073,741,824 8,589,934,592
299,791,784.89 299,792,552.918 299,792,661.605 Light m/sec 299,792,770.14 299,794,398.957 299,793,720.592
Discussion: This fledgling model of the universe, to gain a little respect, will be required to incorporate the extensive work that has gone into the parametrization of ΛCDM (Lambda cold dark matter) or Lambda-CDM model. To begin that process, people have been challenged to find those formulas embedded within this model.

Speed of Light: These simple calculations are listed to challenge us to think of the processes and relations between numbers. This ratio, the notational multiples of the Planck Length to Planck Time, is very basic. Again, the experimental measurement is 299,792,458 meters/second in a vacuum. Within notation 7, the simple result of the numbers are given above. 299,791,784.89 m/s. Then variations are still difficult to discern. We will attempt to find the resolution of Planck Length and Planck Time carried out eight decimal places each and do recalculations.

Tweet and Retweet
“Light: The ratio between Planck Time/Planck Length along all 201+ base-2 exponentiations from the Planck base units.”

“Let there be light! https://bbludata.wordpress.com/1-204/ Observe the 10th row. Planck Length/Planck Time ratio along 201+ notations!”

“Help interpret the math?!? https://bbludata.wordpress.com/1-204/ Background: In early May, some among us began asking the question, “Could the Big Bang theory implode?” Others made projects, “Perhaps we might start a movement to blow up the big bang. It’s inherent nihilism is making a mess of this little world.” May 2016

Key observation: These five Planck base units are intimately woven. There are hundreds of calculations to test between them.
Prediction: All the dimensionless constants will all be discerned among those calculations! The fabric of life is just beginning to be woven. The numbers are so small, meaning has yet to be imputed to them. Here it seems that we are in the domain of ontology and ontological designing, pointfree or incidence geometries, and systems philosophy.

Key Questions: Do these notations give the ontological studies a possible domain within which to work? Is there also a place within these notations for the mind? (This discussion/observations/questions inquiry was begun on May 6, 2016. It is “to be continued.”)

Key words: (primary concepts and links to references for these six notations) What about the placement of the Planck temperature? Do the calculations of Max Planck warrant that it be placed with the others at bottom of the chart?

Open: Your questions and comments are always welcomed.

Help wanted: For every notation, we would like to have an expert and a team. Within this group of notations, we seek help from those people expert in combinatorics, cellular automaton, cubic close packing, bifurcation theory (with Mitchell Feigenbaum’s constants), the Langlands program, mereotopology and point-free geometry (A.N. Whitehead, Harvard, 1929), the 80-known binary operations, and scalar field theory. Can you help us?

13 to 18
The number of Scaling Vertices could now support any and all geometries.
13 14 15 <-Steps->
16 17 18
4.416356×10-40s 8.832712×10-40s 1.766542×10-39s T(seconds) 3.53085×10-39s 7.06617×10-39s 1.413234×10-38s
1.323991×10-31m 2.647982×10-31m 5.295964×10-31m L(meters) 1.059192×10-30m 2.118385×10-30m 4.236771×10-30m
1.782996×10-4kg 3.565993×10-4kg 7.131987×10-4kg M(kilograms) 1.426397×10-3kg 2.852795×10-3kg 5.705590×10-3kg
1.53648×10-14C 3.07297×10-14C 6.14595×10-14C C(Coulombs) 1.229190×10-13C 2.458381×10-13C 4.916762×10-13C
1.805716×10-23K 3.611432×10-23K 7.222864×10-23K T(Kelvin) 1.444572×10-22K 2.889145×10-22K 5.778291×10-22K
2048 4096 8192 B2Vertices 16,384 32,768 65,536
68,719,476,736 549,755,813,888 4.3980465×1012 ScalingV 3.5184372×1013 2.8147497×1014 2.2517998×1015
299,792,634.47 299,792,634.47 299,792,702.353 Light m/sec 299,982,157.27 299,792,532.58 299,792,603.348
Discussion: Since the first Big Board-little universe in December 2011, there have been many other charts and posts to begin to discern the meaning and value of these all these numbers. One of the simplest charts was entitled, Universe Table, The Human Scale. In this chart the Small Scale and Large Scale are compressed so most of the entries represent as many as ten notations. Within the small scale, the first group of ten are labelled “Forms” after Plato’s work in the Timeaus. The next group of ten are labelled “Ousia” after Aristotle’s work on the nature of structure.

Within another posting about numbers, the place of Pi and bifurcation theory are raised. It is within the first ten notations, this work may well be applied and developed. It could also include combinatorics, cellular automaton, cubic close packing, bifurcation theory, the Langlands program, mereotopology and point-free geometry (A.N. Whitehead, Harvard, 1929), the 80-known binary operations, and scalar field theory.

Cellular Automaton. Work being done within computer science, its logic and functions, are entirely analogous to mathematical logic, functions, and binary operations. Our studies, particularly of Steve Wolfram’s New Kind of Science, is being pursued with great expectations that some of this work uniquely applies to the first ten-to-twenty notations.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: At last count, Pi has been computed out to over 12.1 trillion digits that form no discernible pattern and appear to be non-ending. It seems that pi holds part of the secret about the random, chaotic, statistical nature of things within quantum mechanics. The other is in the gap between the five tetrahedral cluster which is called a pentastar until a better name is posted.

Key words: Primary concepts and links to references for these six notationsOne of the supporting posts for these initial 67 notations asks the question, “Are the first 67 notations key missing links?”>Are the first 67 notations key missing links?

Help: Complete numbers of scaling vertices: 4398046511104, 35184372088832, 281474976710656; 2,251,799,813,685,248 (2.2 quadrillion)

Open: Updated, May 7, 2016, Much more work to come.

19 to 24
By the 20th notation there are over a quintillion scaling vertices.
19 20 21 <-Sets->
22 23 24
2.826468×10-38s 5.653293×10-38s 1.130658×10-37s T(seconds) 2.261317×10-37s 4.522263×10-37s 9.045269×10-37s
8.473542×10-30m 1.694708×10-29m 3.389416×10-29m Length(m) 6.778833×10-29m 1.355766×10-28m 2.711533×10-28m
1.141118×10-2kg 2.282236×10-2kg 4.564472×10-2_kg M(kilograms) 9.128944×10-2kg 1.825788×10-1kg 3.651577×10-1kg
9.8335245×10-13C 1.9667049×10-12C 3.9334098×10-12C C(Coulombs) 7.866819×10-12C 1.573363×10-11C 3.146727×10-11C
1.155658×10-21K 2.311316×10-21K 4.622633×10-21K Temp(Kelvin) 9.245266×10-21K 1.849053×10-20K 3.698106×10-20K
131,072 262,144 524,288 B2_Doublings 1,048,576 2097152 4194304
1.8014399×1016 1.4411519×1017 1.1529215×1018 ScalingV 9.223372×1018 7.378697×1019 5.902958×1020
299,792,603.348 299,773,600.97 299,773,760.058 Light m/sec 299,773,671.714 299,798,132.04 299,773,616.462
Discussion: A simple logic suggests that base-8 expansion, scaling vertices, build upon the prior notation. Nothing goes away. It is hypostatized or imputed to be the very structure of the universe that everything shares. The time within each notation could be understood to be the speed by which interactions take place. It is a duration that is infrastructure, not past-present-or-future. Within this definition, these would be pointfree vertices.

Note: https://www.mathsisfun.com/calculator-precision.html

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: What is sleep? Where is sleep? Why do living things sleep? The suspicion is that sleep is within the small-scale universe. Sleep does not activate any brain neurons (4 microns to 100 microns or notations 97 to 102), atoms or particles. More to come. This is a placeholder and today is May 8, 2016.

Key words, primary concepts, and links to references for these ten notations: Can we begin to explore the finite-infinite relation before we get too far away from notation #1. Can we assume that the simple mathematical continuity established by base-2 is meaningful? Is it a deep part of the structure of the universe? Much more work to come.

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 19 to 24 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

< 25 to 30 >
By the 30th notation the universe weighs about 50 pounds (23.7 kilograms)!
25 26 27 ←Domains→ 28 29 30
1.8090539×10-36s 3.6181079×10-36s 7.2362158×10-36s T(seconds) 1.4472431×10-35s 2.8944863×10-35s 5.7889726×10-35s
5.423067×10-28m 1.084613×10-27m 2.169226×10-27m L(meters) 4.338453×10-27m 8.676907×10-27m 1.735381×10-26m
7.30315×10-1kg 1.460631 kg 2.92126 kg M(kilograms) 5.84252 kg 11.685 kg 23.37 kg
6.29345510-11C 1.25869×10-10C 2.51738×10-10C C(Coulombs) 5.0347×10-10C 1.0069×10-9C 2.0139×10-9C
7.396213×10-20K 1.479242×10-19K 2.9584853×10-19K T(Kelvin) 5.916970×10-19K 1.183394×10-18K 2.366788×10-18K
8,388,608 16,777,216 33,554,432 B2Vertices 67,108,864 134,217,728 268,435,456
4.722366×1021 3.777893×1022 3.0223145×1023 ScalingV 2.4178516×1024 1.9342813×1025 1.547425×1026
299,792,603.34 299,773,600.97 299,773,760.05 Light m/sec 299,773,671.71 299,798,132.04 299,773,616.46
Discussion: The speed of light calculations are still very early-stage work. The experimental measurement is 299,792,458 meters/second in a vacuum. Within notations 25-30, simple results are given (above). To obtain more precise information, the next step will be to carry each out ten decimal places, and if that begins to suggest something, we will go out 100 places, and keep doing recalculations. Perhaps we’ll begin to see some patterns. Perhaps we’ll begin see dimensionless constants within those calculations.

Key questions:

Key words: Finite-infinite: Leibniz–Clarke correspondence: In the debate between Sir Isaac Newton (through Samuel Clarke), we side with the relational view of Leibniz. The Infinite appears to defined by continuity, symmetry and harmony, the perfections of order, relations, and dynamics. Of course, continuity equations are established between the Planck base units and their respective numbers at the Age of the Universe today and the Observable Universe today. We have imputed geometries from the first notations. For more, see the posting, Numbers: On Constructing the Universe From Scratch. These geometries create simple symmetries, broken symmetries, and a multiplicity of symmetry groups. At some point within the small scale universe, the symmetry have enough space and time to interact and cause dynamical moments. Within our Universe Table and UniverseView, Systems begins at notation 50.

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 25 to 30 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

< 31 to 36 >
By the 36th notation the universe weighs 3297.4238 pounds!
31 32 33 ←Steps→ 34 35 36
1.157794×10-34s 2.315589×10-34s 4.631178×10-34s T(seconds) 9.262356×10-34s 1.852471×10-33s 3.704942×10-33s
3.470762×10-26m 6.941525×10-26m 1.388305×10-25m L(meters) 2.77661×10-25m 5.55322×10-25m 1.110644×10-24m
46.79kg/(103lbs) 93.48039_kg 186.9607851_kg M(kilograms) 373.92157_kg 747.84314_kg 1.49568×103kg
4.0278116×10-9C 8.05562329×10-9C 1.6111246×10-8C C(Coulombs) 3.2222493×10-8C 6.4444986×10-8C 1.2888997×10-7C
4.733576×10-18K 9.467153×10-18K 1.89343×10-17K T(Kelvin) 3.78686×10-17K 7.57372×10-17K 1.51474×10-16K
536,870,912 1,073,741,824 2,147,483,648 B2Vertices 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 17,179,869,184
1.23794×1027 9.9035203×1027 7.9228163×1028 ScalingV 6.338253×1029 4.0564819×1031 3.2451855×1032
299,773,655.822 299,773,645.85 299,773,652.77 Light m/sec 299,773,671.71 299,773,655.878 299,773,655.18
Discussion: The mass of the universe has gone from the very small side of exponential notation to the very large side of exponential notation. Yet, to do computations, the whole numbers will be preserved here in kilograms and occasionally also in pounds. Notice in notation 26 it is 1.495.68628 kilograms,
notation 30, it is 23.37 kg and finally in the 31st notation a 46.79 kilograms or about 103 pounds. There is a certain kind of mass within all those vertices aggregating as pure forms and structures, and an ideal substances. Much more to come, May 16, 2016.Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: Only the Human Scale version of the Universe Table or Universe Chart is done. The small scale and large scale are summarized in blocks of no more than ten notations. The first ten are Forms or the Eidos echoing Plato. The next ten are Structure or Ousia, echoing Aristotle. Synthesizing the two, the next ten notations have been labelled Substances knowing full well that it would be another 40 to 50 notations before anything that could be defined as physical would emerge (Notations 65-69).So mathematically there are at least 60 notations to begin to define with pure math, geometry, logic, and patience.Key words, primary concepts, and links to references for this group of notations: Multistage modeling and mathematics. The Journal of Multistage ModelingNotation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 31 to 36 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here
< 37 to 42 >
Now there are over one trillion simple base-2 vertices.
37 38 39 ←Steps→ 40 41 42
7.409885×10-33s 1.481977×10-32s 2.963954×10-32s T(seconds) 5.927908×10-32s 1.185581×10-31s 2.371163×10-31s
2.221288×10-24m 4.442576×10-24m 8.885153×10-24m L(meters) 1.7770306×10-23m 3.5540612×10-23m 7.1081226×10-23m
2.991372×103kg 5.982745×103kg 1.196549×104kg M(kilograms) 2.393098×104kg 4.786196×104kg 9.572392×104kg
2.577799×10-7C 5.155598×10-7C 1.031119×10-6C C(Coulombs) 2.062239×10-6C 4.124479×10-6C 8.248958×10-6C
3.0294889×10-16K 6.0589779×10-16K 1.2117955×10-15K T(Kelvin) 2.42359×10-15K 4.84718×10-15K 9.69436×10-15K
34,359,738,368 68,719,476,736 137,438,953,472 B2Vertices 274,877,906,944 549,755,813,888 1,099,511,627,776
2.5961484×1033 2.0769187×1034 1.661535×1035 ScalingV 1.329228×1036 1.0633824×1037 8.5070592×1037
Discussion: Kilograms (pounds) 2991.37256, 5982.74512; 11,965.49024; 23,930.98048;
47,861.96096; 95,723.92192 (211,035.123 lbs.)Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:Key words, primary concepts, and links to references for these ten notations: There is much more to come!Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 37 to 42 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here
< 43 to 48 >
The time and length are still so small and short, for most of us, it is less than meaningful.
43 44 45 ←Steps→ 46 47 48
4.742326×10-31s 9.484652×10-31s 1.896930×10-30s T(seconds) 3.793861×10-30s 7.587722×10-30s 1.517544×10-29s
1.421624×10-22m 2.843249×10-22m 5.686498×10-22m L(meters) 1.137299×10-21m 2.274599×10-21m 4.5491984×10-21m
1.914478×105kg 3.828956×105kg 7.657913×105kg M(kilograms) 1.531582×106kg 3.06316×106kg 6.12633×106kg
1.649791×10-5C 3.299583×10-5C 6.599166×10-5C C(Coulombs) 1.31983×10-4C 2.63966×10-4C 5.27933×10-4C
1.93887×10-14K 3.87774×10-14K 7.75549×10-14K T(Kelvin) 1.55109×10-13K 3.102196×10-13K 6.204393×10-13K
2.1990232×1012 4.3980465×1012 8.796093×1012 B2Vertices 1.7592186×1013 3.5184372×1013 7.0368744×1013
6.8056473×1038 5.4445179×1039 4.3556143×1040 ScalingV 3.4844914×1041 2.7875931×1042 2.2300745×1043
Discussion:Kilograms (95,723.92192) 191447.84384, 382895.68768, 765791.37536, 1531582.75072, 3063165.50144, 6,126,331.00288 (13,506,247.91788274 pounds or about 6753.12 US tons)

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:
1. cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 43 to 48 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

< 49-to-54 >
Our guess is that within this domain, groups and sets become systems.
49 50 51 ←Steps→ 52 53 54
3.03508889×10-29s 6.0701777×10-29s 1.2140355×10-28s T(seconds) 2.4280711×10-28s 4.8561422×10-28s 9.7122844×10-28s
9.098396×10-21m 1.819679×10-20m 3.639358×10-20m L(meters) 7.278717×10-20m 1.455743×10-19m 2.91148×10-19m
1.225266×107kg 2.450532×107kg 4.901064×107kg M(kilograms) 9.802129×107kg 1.960425×108kg 3.920851×108kg
1.055866×10-3C 2.111733×10-3C 4.223466×10-3C C(Coulombs) 8.44693×10-3C 1.68938×10-2C 3.37877×10-2C
1.2408×10-12K 2.48175×10-12K 4.9635×10-12K T(Kelvin) 9.9270×10-12K 1.98540×10-11K 3.97081×10-11K
1.4073749×1014 2.8147498×1014 5.6294995×1014 B2Vertices 1.1258999×1015 2.2517998×1015 4.5035996×1015
1.7840596×1044 1.4272477×1045 1.1417982×1046 ScalingV 9.1343852×1046 7.3075082×1047 5.8460065×1048
Discussion about Mass and kilograms::
49…12252662.00576
50…24505324.01152
51…49010648.02304
52…98021296.04608
53…196042592.09216
54…392085184.18432Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:
Container, cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step…Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 49 to 54 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here
< 55-to-60 >
At the 58th notation under charge (Coulombs) the value is just over 1.
55 56 57 ←Steps→ 58 59 60
1.9424568×10-27s 3.8849137×10-27s 7.7698275×10-27s T(seconds) 1.55396551×10-26s 3.10793103×10-26s 6.215862×10-26s
5.82297×10-19m 1.16459×10-18m 2.32918×10-18m L(meters) 4.65837×10-18m 9.31675×10-18m 1.863351×10-17m
7.841670×108kg 1.568340×109kg 3.136681×109kg M(kilograms) 6.27336×109kg 1.25467×1010kg 2.50934×1010kg
6.7575465×10-2C 1.3515093×10-1C 2.7030186×10-1C C(Coulombs) 1.0812074 C 2.1624149 C 4.3248298 C
7.94162×10-11K 1.58832×10-10K 3.1766 ×10-10K T(Kelvin) 6.3532×10-10K 1.27065×10-9K 2.54131×10-9K
9.007199×1015×1015 1.8014398×1016 3.6028797×1016 B2Vertices 7.2057594×1016 1.4411518×1017 2.8823037×1017
4.6768052×1049 3.7414441×1050 2.9931553×1051 ScalingV 2.39452428×1052 1.91561942×1053 1.5324955×1054
Discussion: Within notation 55, the mass is now over one billion pounds (1,728,799,734.88 lbs). 55…784170368.36864
56…1568340736.73728
57…3136681473.47456
58…6273362946.94912
59…12546725893.89824
60…25093451787.79648Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:
1. cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or stepNotation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 55 to 60 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here
61-to-66
Finally at the 66th notation the size may be large enough for elements of particle physics.
61 62 63 ←Steps→ 64 65 66
1.2431724×10-25s 2.4863448×10-25s 4.9726896×10-25s T(seconds) 9.945379×10-25s 1.989075×10-24s 3.978151×10-24s
3.726703×10-17m 7.453406×10-17m 1.490681×10-16m L(meters) 2.981362×10-16m 5.962725×10-16m 1.19254×10-15m
5.01869×1010kg 1.00373×1011kg 2.00747×1011kg M(kilograms) 4.01495×1011kg 8.02990×1011kg 1.60598×1012kg
4.3248298_C 8.6496596_C 17.299319_C C(Coulombs) 34.59863_C 69.19727_C 138.3945_C
5.08263×10-9K 1.01652×10-8K 2.03305×10-8K T(Kelvin) 4.06611×10-8K 8.13222×10-8K 1.62644×10K
5.7646075×1017 1.1529215×1018 2.305843×1018 B2Vertices 4.611686×1018 9.223372×1018 1.8446744×1019
1.2259964×1055 9.8079715×1055 7.8463772×1056 ScalingV 6.2771017×1057 5.0216814×1058 4.0173451×1059
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:
1. cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 61 to 66 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

67-to-72
Transitions from the Small Scale to the Human Scale
67 68 69 ←Steps→ 70 71 72
7.95630×10-24s 1.59126×10-23s 3.18252×10-23s T(seconds) 6.36504×10-23s 1.273008×10-22s 2.546017×10-22s
2.38509×10-17m 4.77018×10-17m 9.54036×10-16m L(meters) 1.90807×10-16m 3.81614×10-16m 7.6322×10-14m
3.211962×1012kg 6.423923×1012kg 1.284784×1013kg M(kilograms) 2.569569×1013kg 5.139138×1013kg 1.027827×1014kg
276.78910_C 553.57821_C 1.107156×103C C(Coulombs) 2.214312×103C 4.428625×103C 8.857251×103C
3.25288×10-7K 6.50576×10-7K 1.301152×10-6K T(Kelvin) 2.602304×10-6K 5.204608×10-6K 1.04092164×10-5K
3.6893488×1019 7.3786976×1019 1.4757395×1020 B2Vertices 2.9514791×1020 5.9029581×1020 1.1805916×1021
3.2138761×1060 2.5711009×1061 2.0568806×1062 ScalingV 1.6455046×1063 1.3164036×1064 1.0531229×1065
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Link to Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 67 to 72 the actual number of vertices can be accessed by clicking here, the beginning of the Human Scale and end of the small-scale universe.

Notes and references:

73-to-78
Within these notations questions will be raised about periodicity and frequencies.
73 74 75 ←Steps→ 76 77 78
5.09203×10-22s 1.01841×10-21s 2.0368×10-21s T(s) 4.0736×10-21s 8.1472×10-21s 1.6294×10-20s
1.5264×10-13m 3.0529×10-13m 6.1058×10-13m L(m) 1.2211×10-12m 2.4423×10-12m 4.8846×10-12m
2.0556×1014kg 4.1113×1014kg 8.2226×1014kg M(kg) 1.6445×1015kg 3.2890×1015kg 6.5780×1015kg
1.7714×104C 3.5429×104C 7.0858×104C C(Coulombs) 1.4171×105C 2.8343×105C 5.6686×105C
2.0818×10-5K 4.1636×10-5K 8.3273×10-5K T(Kelvin) 1.6654×10-4K 3.3309×10-4K 6.6619×10-4K
2.36118×1021 4.72236×1021 9.44473×1021 B2Vertices 1.888946×1022 3.777893×1022 7.555786×1022
8.42498×1065 6.73998×1066 5.39198×1067 ScalingV 4.313×1068 3.450×1069 2.760×1070
Discussion:
Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 73 to 78 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

79 to 84
Containers for all the elements of the Periodic Table begin to manifest.
79 80 81 <-Steps->
82 83 84
3.2589×10-20s 6.5178×10-20s 1.30356×10-19s T(seconds) 2.6071×10-19s 5.2142×10-19s 1.0428×10-18s
9.7693×10-12m 1.9538×10-11m 3.9077×10-11m L(meters) 7.8154×10-11m 1.5630×10-10m 3.12618×10-10m
1.3156×1016kg 2.6312×1016kg 5.2624×1016kg M(kilograms) 1.0524×1017kg 2.1049×1017kg 4.20998×1017kg
1.1337×106C 2.2674×106C 4.5349×106C C(Coulombs) 9.0698×106C 1.8139×107C 3.6279×108C
1.33238×10-3K 2.66476×10-3K 5.32953×10-3K T(Kelvin) 1.0659×10-2K 2.1318×10-2K 4.2636×10-2K
1.51115×1023 3.0223×1023 6.0446×1023 B2Vertices 1.20892×1024 2.41785×1024 4.83570×1024
2.2085×1071 1.7668×1072 1.4134×1073 ScalingV 1.1307×1074 9.046×1074 7.237×1075
Discussion: The first moment of measurable time will come up within Notation 87.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 79 to 84 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

85 to 90
Now all the elements of the Periodic Table have a container.
85 86 87 <-Steps->
88 89 90
2.0856×10-18s 4.1713×10-18s 8.3427×10-18s T(seconds) 1.6685×10-17s 3.3371×10-17s 6.6742×10-17s
6.25237×10-10m 1.2547×10-9m 2.500×10-9m L(meters) 5.000×10-9m 1.000×10-8 s 2.0000×10-8m
8.4199×1017kg 1.6839×1018kg 3.3679×1018kg M(kilograms) 6.7359×1018kg 1.3471×1019kg 2.6943×1019kg
7.2558×107C 1.4511×108C 2.9023×108C C(Coulombs) 5.8046×108C 1.1609×109C 2.3218×109C
.00088527 K .0017054 K .0034109 K T(Kelvin) .0068218 K .0136430 K .0272872 K
9.6714×1024 1.9342×1025 3.8685×1025 B2Vertices 7.73712×1025 1.54742×1026 3.09485×1026
5.7896×1076 4.6316×1077 3.7053×1078 ScalingV 2.9642×1079 2.3714×1080 1.8971×1081
Discussion: The smallest moment of measurable time by machines in a laboratory is manifests within Notation 87. That record, set in 2010, is 12 attoseconds (1.2 × 10−17 seconds), about 3.7×1026 Planck times. To remind us of the obvious, the universe is still substantially less than a second in existence! Complexity is now rather dazzling.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 85 to 90 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

91 to 96
Now all the elements of the Periodic Table have a container.
91 92 93 <-Steps->
94 95 96
1.3348×10-16s 2.6696×10-16s 5.3393×10-16s T(seconds) 1.0678×10-15s 2.1357×10-15s 4.2715×10-15s
4.0015×10-8m 8.0030×10-8m 1.600×10-7m L(meters) 3.201×10-7m 6.402×10-7m 1.28.microns
5.3887×1019kg 1.0777×1020kg 2.1555×1020kg M(kilograms) 4.3110×1020kg 8.622×1020kg 1.724×1021kg
4.6437×109C 9.2875×109C 1.8575×1010C C(Coulombs) 3.7150×1010C 7.4300×1010C 1.4860×1011C
.0545744 K .1091488 K .2182976 K T(Kelvin) .4365953 K .8731907 K 1.74638 K
6.1897×1026 1.2379×1027 2.4758×1027 B2Vertices 4.9517×1027 9.9035×1027 1.9807×1028
1.5177×1082 1.2141×1083 9.71334×1083 ScalingV 7.7706×1084 6.2165×1085 4.9732×1086
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 91 to 96 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

97 to 102
Now all the elements of human life have a container.
97 98 99 <-Steps->
100 101 102
8.543×10-15s 1.7086×10-14s 3.4172×10-14s T(seconds) 6.834×10-14s 1.366×10-13s 2.733×10-13s
2.56.microns 5.12.microns 10.24.microns L(meters) 20.487.microns 40.975.microns 81.95.microns
3.4488×1021kg 6.8976×1021kg 1.3795×1022kg M(kilograms) 2.7590×1021kg 5.5181×1021kg 1.1036×1022kg
2.9720×1011C 5.944×1011C 1.188×1012C C(Coulombs) 2.3776×1012C 4.755×1012C 9.5104×1012C
3.4927 K 6.985 K 13.971 K T(Kelvin) 27.942 K 55.884 K 111.768 K
3.9614×1028 7.9228×1028 1.5845×1029 B2Vertices 3.1691×1029 6.3382×1029 1.26765×1030
3.9785×1087 3.1828×1088 2.5462×1089 ScalingV 2.037×1090 1.629×1091 1.3037×1092
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 97 to 102 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

103 to 108
The question should be asked, “What is a container?”
103 104 105 <-Steps->
106 107 108
5.4675×10-13.s 1.0935×10-12.s 2.187×10-12.s T(seconds) 4.37402×10-12.s 8.748×10-12.s 1.7496×10-11.s
.16.millimeters .3278.mm .6556 mm L(meters) 1.3112 mm 2.6224 mm 5.2448.mm
2.2072×1022kg 4.41448×1022kg 8.8289×1022kg M(kilograms) 1.7657×1023kg 3.5315×1023kg 7.0631×1023kg
1.90208×1013C 3.8041×1013C 7.6083×1013C C(Coulombs) 1.5216×1014C 3.0433×1014C 6.086×1014C
2.235×102 K 4.4707×102 K 8.9414×102 K T(Kelvin) 1.7882×103 K 3.5765×103 K 7.153×103 K
2.5353×1030 5.0706×1030 1.0141×1031 B2Vertices 2.0282×1031 4.0564×1031 8.1129×1031
1.0429×1093 8.3436×1093 6.6749×1094 ScalingV 5.339×1095 4.2719×1096 3.417×1097
Discussion: The Sun’s temperature is 5778 K. In this early edition, it is between notations 107 and 108.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: When does a group of numbers become a cluster, container, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step?

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 103 to 108 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

109 to 114
Now all the elements of human life have a container.
109 110 111 <-Steps->
112 113 114
3.4992×10-11.s 6.9984×10-11.s 1.3996×10-10.s T(seconds) 2.7993×10-10.s 5.5987×10-10.s 1.1197×10-9.s
1.048.centimeters 2.097.cm 4.1958 cm L(meters) 8.3917 cm 16.7835 cm 33.5671.centimeters
1.41263×1024kg 2.82527×1024kg 5.6505×1024kg M(kilograms) 1.1301×1025kg 2.2602×1025kg 4.5204×1025kg
1.2173×1015C 2.4346×1015C 4.8693×1015C C(Coulombs) 9.7386×1015C 1.9477×1016C 3.8954×1016C
1.4306×104 K 2.4346×104 K 5.7225×104 K T(Kelvin) 1.1445×105 K 2.2890×105 K 4.5780×105 K
1.6225×1032 3.24518×1032 6.4903×1032 B2Vertices 1.2980×1033 2.5961×1033 5.1922×1033
2.73406×1098 2.1872×1099 1.7498×10100 ScalingV 1.3998×10101 1.1198×10102 8.9589×10102
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

<Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 109 to 114 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

115 to 120
Now all the elements of human life have a container.
115 116 117 <-Steps->
118 119 120
2.2395×10-9.s 4.479×10-9.s 8.958×10-9.s T(seconds) 1.7916×10-8.s 3.5832×10-8.s 7.1664×10-8.s
67.1343.cm 1.3426.meters 2.6853 m L(meters) 5.3707 m 10.7414 m 21.4829.m
9.0408×1025kg 1.8081×1026kg 3.6163×1026kg M(kilograms) 7.2326×1026kg 1.4465×1027kg 2.8930×1027kg
7.7909×1016C 1.5581×1017C 3.1163×1017C C(Coulombs) 6.2327×1017C 1.2465×1018C 2.4930×1018C
9.1560×105 K 1.831×106 K 3.662×106 K T(Kelvin) 7.324×106 K 1.4649×107 K 2.929×107 K
1.03845×1034 2.0769×1034 4.1538×1034 B2Vertices 8.3076×1034 1.66153×1035 3.3230×1035
7.1671×10103 5.733×10104 4.5869×10105 ScalingV 3.6695×10106 2.9356×10107 2.3485×10108
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 115 to 120 the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here

121 to 126
Now all the elements of human life have a container.
121 122 123 <-Steps->
124 125 126
1.4332×10-7.s 2.8665×10-7.s 5.7331×10-7.s T(seconds) 1.1466×10-6.s 2.2932×10-6.s 4.5864×10-6.s
42.9659.m 85.9319.m 171.8638 m L(meters) 343.7277 m 687.4554 m 1.3749.kilometers
5.7861×1027kg 1.1572×1028kg 2.3144×1028kg M(kilograms) 4.6289×1028kg 9.2578×1028kg 1.8515×1029kg
4.9861×1018C 9.9723×1018C 1.9944×1019C C(Coulombs) 3.9889×1019C 7.9779×1019C 1.5955×1020C
5.8598×107 K 1.1719×108 K 2.3439×108 K T(Kelvin) 4.687×108 K 9.3758×108 K 1.8751×109 K
6.6461×1035 1.3292×1036 2.6584×1036 B2Vertices 5.3169×1036 1.063382×1037 2.1267×1037
1.8788×10109 1.5030×10110 1.2024×10111 ScalingV 9.6196×10111 7.6957×10112 6.1565×10113
Discussion:
Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step
Notes and references:
127 to 132
In less than 1/10000’s of a second, all elements within human life have an archetypal container.
127 128 129 <-Steps->
130 131 132
9.1729×10-6.s 1.8345×10-5.s 3.669×10-5.s T(seconds) 7.338×10-5.s 1.4676×10-4.s 2.9353×10-4.s
2.7498.km 5.499.km 10.9992 km L(meters) 21.9985 km 43.9971 km 87.9942.km
3.7031×1029kg 7.4062×1029kg 1.4812×1030kg M(kilograms) 2.9625×1030kg 5.925×1030kg 1.1850×1031kg
3.1911×1020C 6.3823×1020C 1.2764×1021C C(Coulombs) 2.5529×1021C 5.1058×1021C 1.0211×1022C
3.7503×109K 7.5006×109K 1.5001×1010K T(Kelvin) 3.0002×1010K 6.0005×1010K 1.2001×1011K
4.2535×1037 8.5070×1037 1.7014×1038 B2Vertices 3.4028×1038 6.8056×1038 1.3611×1039
4.9252×10114 3.9402×10115 3.1521×10116 ScalingV 2.5217×10117 2.0173×10118 1.6139×10119
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, set and/or step

Notes and references: Here is a link to the Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling. From notations 127 to 200+ the actual number of vertices are stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

133 to 138
Transitions between the Human Scale Universe and Large Scale Universe
133 134 135 <-Steps->
136 137 138
5.8707×10-4.s 1.1741×10-3.s 2.348×10-3.s T(seconds) 4.6965×10-3.s 9.3931×10-3.s 1.8786×10-2.s
175.9885.km 351.977.km 703.9543.km L(meters) 1407.9087.km 2815.8174.km 5631.6349.km
2.3700×1031kg 4.7400×1031kg 9.4800×1031kg M(kilograms) 1.8960×1032kg 3.7920×1032kg 7.5840×1032kg
2.0423×1022C 4.0846×1022C 8.1693×1022C C(Coulombs) 1.6338×1023C 3.2677×1023C 6.5354×1023C
2.4002×1011 K 4.8004×1011 K 9.6008×1011 K T(Kelvin) 1.9201×1012 K 3.8403×1012 K 7.6806×1011 K
2.7222×1039 5.4445×1039 1.088×1040 B2Vertices 2.1778×1040 4.3556×1040 8.7112×1040
1.29112×10120 1.0328×10121 8.2631×10121 ScalingV 6.6105×10122 5.2884×10123 4.2307×10124
Discussion: Eight key events happen within the large-scale universe.
One second: Between the 142nd and 143rd notations.
One day: At 86,400 seconds, it is between the 160th and 161st notations.
One week: At 604,8000 seconds, it is within the 163rd notation.
One month: An average of 2,629,746 seconds, it is within the 165th notation.
One year: An average of 31,556,952 seconds, it is between the 168th and 169th notations.
One millennium: 1000 years, an average of 31,556,952,000 seconds, it is between the 178th and 179th notations.
One million years: An average of 31,556,952,000,000 seconds, it is between the 178th and 179th notations.
One billion years, an eon: An average of 31,556,952,000,000,000 seconds, it is between the 198th and 200th notations.Key concept:Key questions: Numbers.Key words, primary concepts, and links to references for these ten notations:Open: Design thoughts:Link to Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.
139 to 144
The first second of creation completes between notations 142 and 143.
139 140 141 <-Steps->
142 143 144
3.7572×10-2.s 7.5145×10-2.s .15029×10.s T(seconds) .30058.s .60116.s 1.2023.s
11,263.2699.km 22,526.5398.km 45,053.079.km L(meters) 90,106.158.km 180,212.316.km 360,424.632.km
1.5168×1033kg 3.0336×1033kg 6.0672×1033kg M(kilograms) 1.2134×1034kg 2.4268×1034kg 4.8537×1034kg
1.3070×1024C 2.6141×1024C 5.2283×1024C C(Coulombs) 1.0456×1025C 2.0913×1025C 4.1827×1025C
1.5361×1013 K 3.0722×1013 K 6.1445×1013 K T(Kelvin) 1.2289×1014 K 2.4578×1014 K 4.9156×1014 K
1.74224×1041 3.4844×1041 6.96898×1041 B2Vertices 1.3937×1042 2.78759×1042 5.57518×1042
3.3846×10125 2.7076×10126 2.1661×10127 ScalingV 1.73291×10128 1.38634×10129 1.109×10130
Discussion: All these notations are still being double checked and cross referenced to the other three key charts. We will correct simple math errors as quickly as possible.

One minute and one hour of creation should be noted. The figures at one day (Notation 160), one week, one month, one year, one millennium and one eon (1 billion years) are all important clues to interpret the meaning of each notation.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: Is there a formula that begins to bind all notations deeper than exponentiation? Can the speed of light do it?

Formula #1

We start with a most simple formula. Divide each value along the Planck Length scale by its corresponding value along the Planck Time, the result should equal the speed of light (kilometers per second) at every one of the 201 notations.

Let’s see if the logic bears out. First, we will use the closest possible Planck Time and Planck Length multiples to one second, .6011 seconds and 1.202 seconds at notations 143 and 144 respectively.

The first simple calculation: The simple formula is to divided 180,212.316 kilometers by 6.011 seconds. That calculation gives us a figure of 299,804.05257 km/second.

Dividing 360424.632 kilometers by 1.202 seconds gives us a figure of 299,854.103161 km/second. The experimentally defined measurement for one light second is 299,792.458 km/second.

When using a more refined measurement, the results naturally change. Using a calculation based on the ratio of 1.20232257536 seconds to 360424.632 kilometers renders a figure of 299,773.654248 km/second. We’ll have to be careful to test with an equal number of decimal units for time and length.

Every notation has its own calculation for the speed of light. We will do the calculations for several notations to see if it tells us something of interest.

At 142nd notation, .300580643 divided by 90,106.158 equals 299,773,655.085 meters per second and at notation 143, 299,773,654.587 m/s and at notation 145, 299,773,673.037 m/sec and at notation 146, the ratio 4.80929 seconds to 1,441,698.55 km equals 299,773,677.611 m/s. Light is a ratio, a tension that defines both space and time.

How about 150 and 100?

At 100th notation, the length is 20.4877678 microns divided by 6.83441261472×10-14 seconds equals 299,773,644.861 m/s. At 150th notation, 23,067,176.8 km divided by 76.948644823 seconds equals 299,773,658.822 m/s. Mass, temperature, and charge contribute to that definition.

Analysis: Of course, it is not at all surprising that the Planck Time, Planck Length, and the speed of light correlate throughout the chart given that both Planck Time and Planck Length are determined by the speed of light.

What is surprising is that this simple formula begins to corroborate the basic integrity of the chart, base-2 exponentiation with the speed of light, and it all begs for further much deeper analysis.

We will do it. We will go back through all 204 notations and do the calculations using numbers extended to the ten places, then 100 places, and even 1000 decimal places. First, we’ll begin getting a sense of patterns or the lack of patterns. Perhaps all these numbers are non-duplicating and never-ending. Perhaps these numbers, like Pi, the pentagonal gap, and the dimensionless constants, define degrees of freedom that further compute as quantum indeterminacy and uncertainty and perhaps even free will. Speculative? Of course. Crazy? Maybe. Worth the time for further analysis? Of course, it is. We’ll report the results within each notation.

Let us now find Formula #2.

Link to Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here. These vertices open the discussions about the inherent geometry that should permeate this chart.

145 to 150
The first minute, just 60 seconds, and look how far the universe has come!
145 146 147 <-Steps->
148 149 150
2.4046.seconds 4.8092.s 9.6185.s T(seconds) 19.237.s 38.47432.s 76.9486.s
720,849.264.km 1,441,698.528.km 2,883,397.056.km L(meters) 5,766,794.112.km 11,533,588.224.km 23,067,176.488.km
9.7075×1034kg 1.9415×1035kg 3.883×1035kg M(kilograms) 7.7660×1035kg 1.5532×1036kg 3.1064×1036kg
8.3654×1025C 1.673×1026C 3.3461×1026C C(Coulombs) 6.6923×1026C 1.3384×1027C 2.6769×1027C
9.831×1014 K 1.966×1015 K 3.932×1015 K T(Kelvin) 7.865×1015 K 1.573×1016 K 3.146×1016 K
1.1150×1043 2.2300×1043 4.4601×1043 B2Vertices 8.9202×1043 1.7840×1044 3.568×1044
8.8725×10130 7.0980×10131 5.6784×10132 ScalingV 4.5427×10133 3.6341×10134 2.9073×10135
Discussion:

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: These notations can be looked at from several perspectives. You may find a duplicate page of these numbers where the word, Steps” has been changed to reflect that view of the data. Each step could be a cluster, domain, doubling, group, layer, notation, and/or set.

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

151 to 156
How does this first hour of creation compare with the Big Bang?
151 152 153 <-Steps->
154 155 156
153.8972.seconds 307.794.s 615.589.s T(seconds) 1231.178.s 2462.3566.s 4924.713.s
46,134,352.896+.km 92,268,705.792+.km 184,537,411.584.km L(meters) 369,074,823.168.km 738,149,646.336.168.km 1.4762×1012.km
6.21283×1036kg 1.2425×1037kg 2.4851×1037kg M(kilograms) 4.9702×1037kg 9.9405×1037kg 1.9881×1038kg
5.3538×1027C 1.0707×1028C 2.1415×1028C C(Coulombs) 4.2831×1028C 8.5662×1028C 1.7132×1029C
6.292×1016 K 1.258×1017 K 2.5168×1017 K T(Kelvin) 5.0336×1017 K 1.0067×1018 K 2.013×1018 K
7.136×1044 1.427×1045 2.8544×1045 B2Vertices 5.708×1045 1.141×1046 2.283×1046
2.325×10136 1.860×10137 1.4885×10138 ScalingV 1.1908×10139 9.5268×10139 7.6214×10140
Discussion: 3600 seconds, between notations 155 and 156, account for the first hour of creation. In this model it appears that the infrastructure to create the universe to this point is the same infrastructure that sustains the universe. It appears that in this model “the first hour container” which is notation 155, is still at work today.

Note that 3600 seconds equals an hour, multiplied by the speed of light is 1,079,252,848.800 kilometers. At notation 155, 738,149,657 kilometers divided by 2462.35663434 seconds equals 299,773.658578 km/second. The experimentally defined speed of light is 299,792.458 km/second.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics: More analysis to come on the differences between experimental data and purely mathematical data.

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

157 to 162
THE FIRST DAY (and the infrastructure for every subsequent day)
157 158 159 <-Steps->
160 161 162
9849.426.s 19,698.853.s 39,397.706.s T(seconds) 78,795.4122.s 157,590.82.s 315,181.649.s
2,952,598,585.km 5,905,197,170.km 11,810,394,341+.km L(meters) 23,620,788,682+.km 47,241,577,365+.km 94,483,154,731.km
3.9762×1038kg 7.9524×1038kg 1.5904×1039kg M(kilograms) 3.1809×1039kg 6.3619×1039kg 1.2723×1040kg
3.4264×1029C 6.8529×1029C 1.3705×1030C C(Coulombs) 2.741×1030C 5.482×1030C 1.096×1031C
4.026×1018 K 8.053×1018 K 1.610×1019 K T(Kelvin) 3.221×1019 K 6.443×1019 K 1.288×1018 K
4.567×1046 9.134×1046 1.826×1047 B2Vertices 3.653×1047 7.307×1047 1.461×1048
6.097×10141 4.877×10142 3.902×10143 ScalingV 3.1217×10144 2.497×10145 1.997×10146
Discussion: The First Day concludes at 86400 seconds. The universe appears to be approaching the size of our Solar System. At notation 160, it is 23,620,788,682 kilometers or 1,467,727,765 miles. If measured in astronomical units (AU), the Solar System is estimated to be the distance of 122 AU which is 122 times 93 million miles or 11.346 trillion miles.

The orbiting Kuiper Belt (which contains Pluto) is 7.5 billion kilometers (30- 50 AU). So, within the first day, the universe has grown substantially larger than the Kuiper Belt.

Also, note that one day is 86,400 seconds. Multiplied by the speed of light, 299,792.458 km, equals a length of 25,902,068,371.2 km.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

163 to 168
The first month is within notation 165. The first year begins on the edge of 168 as it become 169.
163 164 165 <-Steps->
166 167 168
630,363.29.s 1,260,726.59.s 2,521,453.19.s T(seconds) 5,042,906.38.s 10,085,812.77.s 20,171,625.54.s
1.88966306×1014.km 3.779×1014.km 7.558×1014.km L(meters) 1.511×1015.km 3.023×1015.km 6.046×1015.km
2.544×1040kg 5.089×1040kg 1.0179×1041kg M(kilograms) 2.035×1041kg 4.071×1041kg 8.143×1042kg
2.192×1031C 4.385×1031C 8.771×1031C C(Coulombs) 1.754×1032C 3.508×1032C 7.017×1032C
2.5772×1020 K 5.1544×1020 K 1.030×1021 K T(Kelvin) 2.061×1021 K 4.123×1021 K 8.247×1021 K
2.923×1048 5.846×1048 1.169×1049 B2Vertices 2.338×1049 4.6768×1049 9.353×1049
1.598×10147 1.278×10148 1.022×10149 ScalingV 8.1834×10149 2.497×10150 6.5467×10151
Discussion: The First Month: Use 30.436875 days per month based on a year of 365.2425 days divided by 12 months; Given there are 86,400 seconds per day, there is an average of 2,629,746 seconds per month. It is within notation 165. Multiplied by 299,792,458 m/s equals a length of 777,062,051,136,000 meters or 777,062,051,136 km, a little larger than the Planck Length and Time at 165th notation (755,865,224,00 and 29.18 days respectively).

Speed of Light. A simple calculation from notation 168 where the length is 6046921800000 kilometers and the time is 20,171,625.5485 seconds, the speed of light is 299,773.649152 kilometers/second.

1000 years. There are 31,556,952,000 seconds to a millennium which is found between notations 177 and 178.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling: From notations 139 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

169 to 174
The First Year and the definition of “Yearness” is within notation 169.
169 170 171 <-Steps->
172 173 174
40,343,251.097.s 80,686,502.194.s 161,373,004.388.s T(seconds) 322,746,008.7.s 645,492,017.5.s 1,290,984,035.s
1.2093×1016.km 2.4187×1016.km 4.8375×1016.km L(meters) 9.675×1016.km 1.935×1017.km 3.87×1017.km
1.628×1042kg 3.257×1042kg 6.514×1042kg M(kilograms) 1.302×1043kg 2.605×1043kg 5.211×1043kg
1.403×1033C 2.80×1033C 5.613×1033C C(Coulombs) 1.122×1034C 2.245×1034C 4.491×1034C
1.649×1022 K 3.298×1022 K 6.597×1022 K T(Kelvin) 1.319×1023 K 2.63×1023 K 5.278×1023 K
1.8707×1050 3.7414×1050 7.4828×1050 B2Vertices 1.4965×1051 2.993×1051 5.986×1051
4.1899×10152 3.3519×10153 2.6815×10154 ScalingV 2.145×10155 1.716×10156 1.372×10157
Discussion: The First Year: Using a year of 365.2425 days and 86,400 seconds per day, there are 31,556,952 seconds per year. A year, when multiplied by the speed of light, 299,792,458 m/s equals a length of 9,460,536,207,068,016 meters or 9,460,536,207,068.016 km, between the 168th and the 169th notations.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

175 to 180
1000 Years, a millennium, is between notation 178 and 179.
175 176 177 <-Steps->
178 179 180
2,581,968,070.s 5,163,936,140.s 10,327,872,280.8.s T(seconds) 20,655,744,561.s 41,311,489,123.s 82,622,978,246.s
7.7400×1017.km 1.548×1018.km 3.096×1018.km L(meters) 6.192×1018.km 1.238×1019.km 2.476×1019.km
1.042×1044kg 2.084×1044kg 4.169×1044kg M(kilograms) 8.338×1044kg 1.667×1045kg 3.335×1045kg
8.982×1034C 1.796×1035C 3.592×1035C C(Coulombs) 7.185×1035C 1.437×1036C 2.874×1036C
1.055×1024 K 2.111×1024 K 4.222×1024 K T(Kelvin) 8.444×1024 K 1.688×1025 K 3.377×1025 K
1.1972×1052 2.3945×1052 4.789×1052 B2Vertices 9.578×1052 1.915×1053 3.831×1053
8.786×10158 7.029×10159 5.623×10160 ScalingV 4.498×10161 3.599×10162 2.879×10163
Discussion: The First 1000 Years: There are 31,556,952 seconds in a year and 31,556,952,000 seconds in a millennium which is between notations 178 and 179.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

181 to 186
Expanding toward 1,000,000 Years, then an Eon (one billion years).
181 182 183 <-Steps->
184 185 186
165,245,956,493.s 330,491,912,986.s 660,983,825,972.s T(seconds) 1,321,967,651,940.s 2,643,935,303,880.s 5,287,870,607,760.s
4.953×1019.km 9.907×1019.km 1.98×1020.km L(meters) 3.96×1020.km 7.925×1020.km 1.585×1021.km
6.67×1045kg 1.334×1046kg 2.668×1046kg M(kilograms) 5.336×1046kg 1.067×1047kg 2.134×1047kg
5.748×1036C 1.149×1037C 2.299×1037C C(Coulombs) 4.598×1037C 9.197×1037C 1.839×1038C
6.755×1025 K 1.351×1026 K 2.702×1026 K T(Kelvin) 5.404×1026 K 1.080×1027 K 2.161×1027 K
7.6624×1053 1.5324×1054 3.0649×1054 B2Vertices 6.1299×1054 1.2259×1055 2.4519×1055
1.842×10164 1.4742×10165 1.1793×10166 ScalingV 9.4349×10166 7.547×10167 6.0383×10168
Discussion: The First Million Years: There are 31,556,952 seconds in a year, 31,556,952,000 seconds in a millennium and 31,556,926,000,000 seconds in a million years (Notations 187-188).

Speed of Light. A simple calculation from notation 184 where the length is 3.96291068×1020 meters and the time is 1,321,967,651,940 seconds, the speed of light is 299,773,649.846 kilometers/second.

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

187 to 192
1,000,000 Years (Notations 188 and 189) and toward an Eon (one billion years).
187 188 189 <-Steps->
190 191 192
10,575,741,215,500.s 21,151,482,431,000.s 42,302,964,862,000.s T(seconds) 84,605,929,724,000.s 169,211,859,448,000.s 338,423,718,896,000.s
3.170×1021.km 6.340×1021.km 1.268×1022.km L(meters) 2.536×1022.km 5.072×1022.km 1.014×1023.km
4.269×1047kg 8.538×1047kg 1.707×1048kg M(kilograms) 3.415×1048kg 6.831×1048kg 1.366×1049kg
3.679×1038C 7.358×1038C 1.471×1039C C(Coulombs) 2.943×1039C 5.886×1039C 1.177×1040C
4.323×1027 K 8.647×1027 K 1.729×1028 K T(Kelvin) 3.459×1028 K 6.918×1028 K 1.383×1029 K
4.9039×1055 9.8074×1055 1.9615×1056 B2Vertices 3.923×1056 7.846×1056 1.569×1057
4.8306×10170 3.864×10171 3.091×10172 ScalingV 2.473×10173 1.978×10174 1.582×10175
Discussion: The First Million Years: There are 31,556,952 seconds in a year, 31,556,952,000 seconds in a millennium and 31,556,926,000,000 seconds in a million years (Notations 188-189).

Key questions about order, relations and dynamics:

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

193 to 198
Approaching the billion year container between notation 199 and 200.
193 194 195 <-Steps->
196 197 198
676,847,437,792,000.s 1,353,694,875,580,000.s 2,707,389,751,160,000.s T(seconds) 5,414,779,502,320,000.s 10,829,559,004,600,000.s 21,659,118,009,200,000.s
2.029×1023.km 4.058×1023.km 8.116×1023.km L(meters) 1.623×1024.km 3.246×1022.km 6.492×1023.km
2.732×1049kg 5.464×1049kg 1.092×1050kg M(kilograms) 2.185×1050kg 4.371×1050kg 8.743×1050kg
2.354×1040C 4.709×1040C 9.418×1040C C(Coulombs) 1.883×1041C 3.767×1041C 7.534×1041C
2.767×1029 K 5.534×1029 K 1.106×1030 K T(Kelvin) 2.213×1030 K 4.427×1030 K 8.885×1030 K
3.138×1057 6.277×1057 1.255×1058 B2Vertices 2.5108×1058 5.021×1058 1.004×1059
1.266×10176 1.013×10177 8.104×10177 ScalingV 6.483×10178 5.188×10179 4.149×10180
Discussion: The Fullness of Time: On the approach to the first billion years of the universe, it is within these six notations that the universe as we experience it begins. There are 31,556,926,000,000,000 seconds in an eon that is a billion years, between notations 199 and 200.

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: From notations 169 to 200+ the actual number of vertices will be stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

Notations 199 to 204 of 200+
Our little universe is still expanding.
199 200 201 <-Steps->
202 203 204
4.331×1016.s.* 8.663×1016.s.* 1.732×1017.s.* T(seconds) 3.4654×1017.s.* Age of the Universe
1.298×1024.km 2.597×1024.km 5.194×1024.km L(meters) 1.038×1025.km 2.077×1025.km 4.155×1025.km
1.748×1049kg 3.497×1049kg 6.995×1050kg M(kilograms) 1.399×1050kg 2.798×1050kg 5.596×1050kg
1.506×1042C 3.013×1042C 6.027×1042C C(Coulombs) 1.205×1043C 2.411×1043C 4.822×1043C
1.77×1031 K 3.542×1031 K 7.084×1031 K T(Kelvin) 1.416×1032 K PLANCK TEMPERATURE
2.008×1059 4.017×1059 8.034×1059 B2Vertices 1.606×1060 3.213×1060 6.427×1060
3.319×10181 2.655×10182 2.124×10183 ScalingV 1.699×10184 1.087×10185 8.702×10185
1 Notation 199: 43,318,236,018,400,000 seconds (2.7 billion years)
2 Notation 200: 86,636,472,036,800,000 seconds (5.4 billion years)
3 Notation 201: 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds (10.8 billions years)
4 Notation 202: 346,545,888,147,200,000 seconds (21.6 billion years)Discussion:The Fullness of Time. The first billion years of the universe becomes two billion years within the next notation, four at the next, and eight at the next. If time is imputed to be discrete and quantized, the aggregate of all notations must be added to determine the actual first eon. There are 31,556,926,000,000,000 seconds in an EON. That would seem to be between notations 198 and 199. But, if time is discrete, it would be the sum of every prior notation so it would come within the notations 197 to 198. That same logic would apply to the Age of the Universe in seconds. Notation 201 is 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds or 10.8 billion years. The sum total of all notations from the Planck Time to the 201 notation is one Planck Time unit less than 173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds. We should round up! So, the universe today is within the earliest part of notation 201 using 13.8± billion years for the Age of the Universe.

How many seconds old is the universe? Somewhere around 435.48 quintillion seconds. Each day adds another 86,400 seconds. Each year adds approximately 31.55 million seconds.Basic math: There are 31.5 quintillion seconds in a billion years multiplied by 13.8 gives us 435.48 quintillion seconds.Now, that’s an interesting piece of information: The universe is 435.48 quintillion seconds old! Of course, we could be mistaken. There is such a thing as Poincare recurrence. Somehow a second is not a second within certain symmetry groups. That may well be true, but if we impute time’s first function to be a measurement of light within a particular domain, that symmetry is established within the domain alone. Perhaps it could be said that it is a speed at which things communicate within a domain. Also, given the domain (or notation, doubling, container, group, set, cluster) apparently has no less five fundamental determinants, each creates a perspectival view of that notation.Speed of Light. A simple calculation from notation 199 where the length is 1.29856658×1025 meters and the time is 43,318,236,018,400,000 seconds, the speed of light is approximately 299,773,651.782 kilometers/second.

Within notation 201, the length is 5.19426632×1025 meters and the time is 173,272,944,073,600,000, the speed of light is also approximately 299,773,651.782 kilometers/second. At notation 202, that figure is 299,773,650.628 kilometers/second. Let us remember that the “official” measurement of 299,792,458 m/s is in a vacuum and does not consider inertial frames.

Notation, Exponentiation, Vertex Counts for B2 and Scaling Vertices: For the large scale, notations 132 to 201+ the actual number of vertices is stored in its own page which can be accessed by clicking here.

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